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FAQ: Lisp Implementations and Mailing Lists 4/7 [Monthly posting]

Questions about Lisp Implementations and Mailing Lists
Archive-name: lisp-faq/part4
Last-Modified: Fri Mar 14 11:41:35 1997 by Mark Kantrowitz
Version: 1.61
Maintainer: Mark Kantrowitz and Barry Margolin <>
Size: 68923 bytes, 1314 lines

;;; ****************************************************************
;;; Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Lisp ***************
;;; ****************************************************************
;;; lisp_4.faq

This post contains Part 4 of the Lisp FAQ. 

If you think of questions that are appropriate for this FAQ, or would
like to improve an answer, please send email to us at

Lisp/Scheme Implementations and Mailing Lists (Part 4):

  [4-0]   Free Common Lisp implementations.
  [4-1]   Commercial Common Lisp implementations.
  [4-1a]  Lisp to C translators
  [4-2]   Scheme Implementations
  [4-4]   Free Implementations of Other Lisp Dialects
  [4-5]   Commercial Implementations of Other Lisp Dialects
  [4-6]   What is Dylan?
  [4-7]   What is Pearl Common Lisp?
  [4-9]   What Lisp-related discussion groups and mailing lists exist?
  [4-10]  ANSI Common Lisp -- Where can I get a copy of the draft standard?

Search for \[#\] to get to question number # quickly.

Subject: [4-0]   Free Common Lisp implementations.

Repositories of Lisp source code are described in the answer to
question [6-1]. 

Remember, when ftping compressed or compacted files (.Z, .arc, .fit,
etc.) to use binary mode for retrieving the files.

   The Allegro CL 3.0 Web Version for Windows is a full functional free
   version of our Dynamic Object Oriented Programming Development System
   for ANSI standard CLOS, with some limitations*.  This version includes
   an in-core native 32-bit compiler, a drag & drop Interface Builder,
   full debugging and development tools and an editor.  We sell a supported
   version of this software, Allegro CL for Windows, without these
   limitations.  For more information, call 1-800-3-CLOS-NOW or
   1-510-548-3600, fax 1-510-548-8253, or send email to
   Franz's web page is located at the URL
   Suggestions and bug reports should be sent to Since
   this software is unsupported, they may not get back to you, but the
   input is still welcome.
   * The limitations are: limited heap size, no foreign function support,
   missing compile-file, missing disassembler and missing save-image.
   The documentation fully explains these capabilities.

   CLiCC (Common Lisp to C Compiler) generates C-executables from Common
   Lisp application programs. CLiCC is not a Common Lisp system, and
   hence does not include any program development or debugging support.
   CLiCC is intended to be used as an add-on to existing Common Lisp
   systems for generating portable applications. (CLiCC has been tested
   in Allegro CL, Lucid CL, CMU CL, CLISP, and AKCL. It should run in any
   CLtL1 lisp with CLOS.)  CLiCC supports CL_0, a subset of Common Lisp +
   CLOS, which excludes EVAL and related functions. At present CL_0 is
   based on CLtL1, but is headed towards CLtL2 and ANSI-CL. The generated
   C code (ANSI-C or K&R-C compatible) may be compiled using a
   conventional C compiler on the target machine, and must be linked with
   the CLiCC runtime library in order to generate executables. CLiCC has
   a foreign function interface.  CLiCC is available by anonymous ftp from
   CLiCC was developed by Wolfgang Goerigk <>,
   Ulrich Hoffman <>, and Heinz Knutzen
   <> of Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet zu
   Kiel, Institut fuer Informatik und Praktische Mathematik,
   Preusserstr.  1-9, D-24105 Kiel, Germany. The authors welcome
   suggestions and improvements and would appreciate receiving email
   even if you just used CLiCC successfully. For more information,
   send mail to 

   CLISP is a Common Lisp (CLtL1 + parts of CLtL2) implementation by
   Bruno Haible of Karlsruhe University and Michael Stoll of Munich
   University, both in Germany.  It runs on microcomputers (DOS, OS/2,
   Atari ST, Amiga 500-4000) as well as on Unix workstations (Linux, Sun4,
   Sun386, HP9000/800, SGI, Sun3 and others) and needs only 1.5 MB of RAM.
   It is free software and may be distributed under the terms of GNU GPL.
   German and English versions are available, French coming soon.  CLISP
   includes an interpreter, a compiler, a subset of CLOS (e.g., no MOP)
   and, for some machines, a screen editor. Packages running in CLISP 
   include PCL and, on Unix machines, CLX and Garnet.  Available by anonymous 
   ftp from []
   For more information, contact
   There is a mailing list for users of CLISP. It is the proper forum for
   questions about CLISP, installation problems, bug reports, application
   packages etc. For information about the list and how to subscribe,
   send mail to, with the two lines
          information clisp-list
   in the message body.
   A Sybase SQL interface interface for CLIPS is available
   by anonymous ftp from For
   more information, write to Sherry Steib <>.

   CMU Common Lisp (CMU CL) is free, and runs on HPs, Sparcs (Mach,
   SunOs, and Solaris), DecStation 3100 (Mach), SGI MIPS (Iris), DEC
   Alpha/OSF1, IBM RT (Mach) and requires 16mb RAM, 25mb disk. It
   includes an incremental compiler, Hemlock emacs-style editor,
   source-code level debugger, code profiler and is mostly X3J13
   compatible, including the new loop macro.  It is available by
   anonymous ftp from []
   Login with username "anonymous" and "userid@host" (your email
   address) as password. Due to security restrictions on anonymous ftps
   (some of the superior directories on the path are protected against
   outside access), it is important to "cd" to the source directory with
   a single command.  Don't forget to put the ftp into binary mode before
   using "get" to obtain the compressed/tarred files. The binary releases
   are contained in files of the form
   Other files in this directory of possible interest are
   17f-source.tar.gz, which contains all the ".lisp" source files
   used to build version 17f. A listing of the current contents of the
   release area is in the file FILES. You may also use "dir" or "ls" to 
   see what is available. Bug reports should be sent to

   ECoLisp is a Common Lisp implementation which compiles Lisp functions
   into C functions that use the C stack and standard procedure call
   conventions. This lets Lisp and C code be easily mixed. It can be used
   as a C library from any C application.  It is available by anonymous
   ftp from     []  []
   as the file ecl-??.tar.gz where ?? is the version number. This is an alpha
   release. So far it has been tested on Sun workstations (SunOS 4.x),
   SGI (IRIX 4.x), and IBM PC (DOS/go32). For more information, please contact
   Giuseppe Attardi <> or <>.

   GNU Common Lisp (GCL) is a free implementation of Common Lisp (CLtL1)
   based originally on Austin Kyoto Common Lisp (AKCL). Versions 1.0
   and above of GCL (aka versions 1-625 and above of AKCL) are
   available under the GNU General Public Library License v2.0, and no
   longer require the kcl.tar file to build the system. For
   information on previous versions of AKCL, see the KCL entry. GCL
   generates C code which it compiles with the local optimizing C
   compiler (e.g., GCC).  It is intended to eventually support the
   ANSI standard for Common Lisp. GCL runs on Sparc, IBM RT, RS/6000,
   DecStation 3100, hp300, hp800, Macintosh (under A/UX), mp386, 
   IBM PS2, IBM RT_AIX, Silicon Graphics 4d, Sun3, Sun4, Sequent
   Symmetry, IBM 370, NeXT, Vax, and IBM PC 386/486 (linux, bsd).
   GCL version 1.0 and above are available by anonymous ftp from		[]		[]
   as the file gcl-X.X.tgz (e.g., gcl-2.1.tgz), where X.X should be 
   replaced with the version number; you'll generally want the largest
   version number. The bandwidth to is higher than cli. 
   The file pcl-gcl-1.0.tgz contains a port of PCL (CLOS) to GCL.
   The file xgcl-2.tgz contains an interface to X Windows for GCL,
   including a low-level interface to Xlib, and in addition to being
   available from the above sites, is also available from
   For more information, write to William Schelter <> 
   (or <>, <>). GCL is under
   continuing development, and folks interested in helping should send
   him email. Andy Wang <> has compiled GCL 1.0
   for Linux 1.1.50 (using gcc 2.5.8 and libc 4.5.26) and made the
   resulting binaries available by anonymous ftp from

   Kyoto Common Lisp (KCL) is free, but requires a license. Conforms to CLtL1.
   KCL was written by T. Yuasa <> and M. Hagiya
   <> at Kyoto University in 1984. Austin
   Kyoto Common Lisp (AKCL) is a collection of ports, bug fixes and
   improvements to KCL by Bill Schelter (<> or
   <>). Since 1994, AKCL versions 1-625 and
   higher are covered by the GNU GPL, so generally one will generally
   not need KCL (see GCL above for details). {A}KCL generates C code
   which it compiles with the local C compiler. Both are available by
   anonymous ftp from [] [] []
   KCL is in the file kcl.tar, and AKCL is in the file akcl-xxx.tar.Z
   (take the highest value of xxx).  To obtain KCL, one must first sign
   and mail a copy of the license agreement to: Special Interest Group in
   LISP, c/o Taiichi Yuasa, Department of Computer Science, Toyohashi
   University of Technology, Toyohashi 441, JAPAN. Runs on Sparc, IBM RT,
   RS/6000, DecStation 3100, hp300, hp800, Macintosh (under A/UX),
   mp386, IBM PS2, Silicon Graphics 4d, Sun3, Sun4, Sequent Symmetry, IBM
   370, NeXT and Vax. For the beta test version of the DOS port, see
   the files and in
   Commercial versions of {A}KCL are available from Austin Code Works,
   11100 Leafwood Lane, Austin, TX 78750-3409, Tel. 512-258-0785, Fax
   512-258-1342, E-mail, including a CLOS for AKCL.
   See also Ibuki, below. 

   PowerLisp is a Common Lisp development environment for the Macintosh.
   It consists of a Common Lisp interpreter, native-code 680x0 compiler,
   680x0 macro assembler, disassembler, incremental linker and
   multi-window text editor. It requires a Macintosh with at least a
   68020 processor (any Mac except a Plus, SE or Classic) and system 7.0
   or later. About 2 megabytes of RAM are required to run it, and to do
   much with it you need more like 5 or 6 megabytes. Like any Common Lisp
   system, the more memory the better.  PowerLisp has the ability to run
   in the background. While executing a Common Lisp program, the user may
   switch to another application as it continues to run. You can also
   edit programs while a Common Lisp program is running. PowerLisp is
   targeted to be compatible with CTLTL2 without CLOS (for now) but some
   Common Lisp functions are not yet implemented. Upcoming versions
   should include the remaining language features. The current released
   version is 1.10. PowerLisp is available from America Online and Genie as a
   shareware program ($50). It is also available from the Lisp
   Repository, as
   Written by Roger Corman. For more information, send mail to, or (RogerC34
   on America Online). 

   RefLisp is a small Lisp interpreter. Versions exist for MS Windows,
   MS-DOS and UNIX (AIX). The MS-DOS version supports CGA/EGA/VGA
   graphics and the Microsoft Mouse. The interpreter is a shallow-binding
   (i.e., everything has dynamic scope), reference counting design making
   it suitable for experimenting with real-time and graphic user
   interface programming. Common Lisp compatibility macros are provided,
   and most of the examples in "Lisp" by Winston & Horn have been run on
   RefLisp. RefLisp makes no distinction between symbol-values and
   function-values, so a symbol can be either but not both.  RefLisp
   comes with an ASCII manual and many demonstration programs, including
   an analogue clock which never stops for garbage collection.  It is
   written in ANSI C and is in the public domain. Source and binaries are
   available from the author's Web site at
   and from the Lisp Utilities repository by anonymous ftp from
   For further information, send email to the author Bill Birch

   WCL is an implementation of Common Lisp for Sparc based workstations.
   It is available free by anonymous ftp from  []
   as the files wcl2.2-solaris-src.tar.gz, wcl2.2-solaris-bins.tar.gz,
   wcl2.2-sunos4-src.tar.gz, wcl2.2-sunos4-bins.tar.gz, and
   wgdb4.2-sunos4.tar.gz. It includes a native solaris version (but with
   no dynamic .o loading or wgdb yet...), can use any version of GCC 2.X
   (GCC 2.1 is no longer required), and includes separate binary and
   source distribution so that recompilation is no longer needed to
   install WCL and WGDB. The wcl2.2-*.tar.gz files contain the WCL
   distribution, including CLX and PCL; wgdb4.2-sunos4.tar.gz contains a
   version of the GDB debugger which has been modified to grok WCL's
   Lisp.  WCL provides a large subset of Common Lisp as a Unix shared
   library that can be linked with Lisp and C code to produce efficient
   and small applications. For example, the executable for a Lisp version
   of the canonical ``Hello World!''  program requires only 40k bytes
   under SunOS 4.1 for SPARC. WCL provides CLX R5 as a shared library,
   and comes with PCL and a few other utilities.  For further information
   on WCL, see the paper published in the proceedings of the 1992 Lisp
   and Functional Programming Conference, a copy of which appears in the
   wcl directory as, or look in the documentation directory
   of the WCL distribution. Written by Wade Hennessey
   <>.  Please direct any questions to If you would like to be added to a mailing
   list for information about new releases, send email to

   XLISP is free, and runs on the IBM PC (MSDOS), Windows 95, Apple
   Macintosh, and Unix. It should run on anything with an Ansi C
   compiler.  It was written by David Michael Betz, 18 Garrison Drive,
   Bedford, NH 03110, 603-472-2389 (H&W), or The reference manual was written by
   Tim Mikkelsen. Version 2.0 is available by anonymous ftp from [] or
   Version 2.1g* is the same as XLISP 2.0, but modified by Tom Almy 
   <> to bring it closer to Common Lisp, in
   addition to fixing several bugs. The latest version of XLISP can be
   obtained by anonymous ftp from []
   It may also be available (in possible older versions) from      []                     []
   A Macintosh port of version 2.1e (and the C source code to its
   interface) is also available, from Macintosh ftp sites such as
   The Macintosh version was written by Brian Kendig, <>.
   To obtain a copy through US mail, send email to Tom Almy, A Windows version of the statistical
   version of xlisp is available by anonymous ftp from
   A version of XLISP-PLUS 2.1g that includes an experimental byte code 
   compiler is available by anonymous ftp from []
   as the file xlisp21gbc.tar.gz. Write to Luke Tierney <>
   for more information.

Subject: [4-1]   Commercial Common Lisp implementations.

Allegro Common Lisp:

   Allegro Common Lisp 4.2 runs on a variety of platforms, including
   Sparcs, RS6000, HP700, Silicon Graphics, DecStation (prices start at
   $4,500) and NeXT ($2,000). It requires 12mb RAM for the 680x0 and 16mb
   for RISC. It includes native CLOS, X-windows support, Unix interface,
   incremental compilation, generational garbage collection, and a
   foreign function interface.  Options include Allegro Composer
   (development environment, including debugger, inspector, object
   browser, time/space code profiler, and a graphical user interface,
   $1,500), Common LISP Interface Manager (CLIM 2.0 is a portable
   high-level user interface management system.  CLIM 2.0 for Allegro CL
   supports both Motif and Openlook and Windows, ($1,000).  Franz also
   markets Allegro CL 3.0 for Windows 3.1, Windows NT and Windows95 for
   $595 (discount prices of $449 are sometimes advertised in various AI
   magazines).  A Professional version with royalty free runtime
   distribution and source code is available for $2495.
   Allegro CL for Windows provides 32-bit compilation, complete CLOS, an
   integrated development environment, visual drag & drop Interface Builder,
   interface to the Windows API, DLL support, and free runtime delivery.
   Write to: Franz Inc., 1995 University Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94704 or
   call 1-800-333-7260, 510-548-3600, fax 510-548-8253, telex 340179
   WUPUBTLXSFO. Bug reports can be mailed to  Questions
   about Franz Inc. products (e.g., current and special pricing) can be
   sent to To receive Franz Flash, Franz's electronic
   newsletter, send mail to 
   Files related to the products (e.g., patches, Franz's GNU-Emacs/Lisp
   interface, the Allegro FAQ)
   are available by anonymous ftp from []


   CLOE (Common Lisp Operating Environment) is a cross-development
   environment for IBM PCs (MSDOS) and Symbolics Genera. It includes
   CLOS, condition error system, generational garbage collection,
   incremental compilation, code time/space profiling, and a stack-frame
   debugger. It costs from $625 to $4000 and requires 4-8mn RAM and a 386
   processor.  Write to: Symbolics, 6 New England Tech Center, 
   521 Virginia Road, Concord, MA 01742, call 1-800-394-5522 or 
   508-287-1000 or fax 508-287-1099. 

Golden Common Lisp:

   Golden Common Lisp (GCLisp 4.4) runs on IBM PCs under DOS, Windows,
   OS/2, and Windows NT, costing $2,000 ($250 extra for Gold Hill
   Windows), and includes an incremental compiler, foreign function
   interface, interactive debugger, SQL interface, and emacs-like editor.
   It supports DDE and other Windows stuff, and is CLtL1 compatible.
   Supports PCL/CLOS. It requires 4mb RAM, and 12mb disk. See a review in
   PC-WEEK 4/1/91 comparing GCLisp with an older version of MCL.  Write
   to: Gold Hill Computers, 26 Landsdowne Street, Cambridge, MA 02139,
   call 617-621-3300, or fax 617-621-0656.

Harlequin LispWorks: 

   LispWorks (R) from Harlequin runs on a variety of Unix platforms, 
   including Sun Sparc and clones (SunOS and Solaris), IBM RS/6000 (AIX), 
   DEC MIPS (Ultrix), DEC Alpha (OSF/1), HP PA (HP-UX), and SGI (IRIX).  
   LispWorks uses menus and graphics to provide convenient, user friendly
   access to its wide array of powerful tools.  A C/C++ interface, an SQL
   interface, and a fully integrated Prolog compiler are a standard part 
   of LispWorks.  CLIM 2.0 is also available.

     +  COMMON LISP: CLtL2 compatible, native CLOS/MOP, generational GC, 
        C/C++ interface.

     +  ENVIRONMENT: Prolog, Emacs-like editor/listener/shell, defadvice,
        defsystem, cross-referencing, lightweight processes,
        debugger, mail reader, extensible hypertext online doc, LALR
        parser generator.

     +  BROWSERS/GRAPHERS: files, objects, classes, generic functions,
        source code systems, specials, compilation warnings.

     +  GRAPHICS: CLX, CLUE, Toolkit, CAPI, Open Look, Motif,
        interface builder.

     +  INTEGRATED PRODUCTS: CLIM 2.0, KnowledgeWorks (RETE engine).

   For further information, contact by e-mail worldwide: (OR
   or in the US:   
      FAX:   617-252-6505
      Voice: 800-WORKS-4-YOU (800-967-5749) or 617-374-2400 or 617-252-0052
      Mail:  Harlequin Inc., One Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142
   or in Europe:
      FAX:   0223-872-519 (OR 44-1223-872-519 from outside UK)
      Voice: 0223-873-800 OR -872-522 (OR 44-1223-873-800 from outside UK)
      Telex: 818440 harlqn g
      Mail:  Harlequin Ltd., Barrington Hall, Barrington, Cambridge, CB2 5RG

   For more information, see their web page at the URL

Harlequin FreeLisp:

   Harlequin Inc. is shipping FreeLisp (TM), which has been developed 
   specifically to meet the Lisp teaching requirements of the academic
   community in terms of both functionality and price.  FreeLisp
   is a reduced implementation of Harlequin's premier Common Lisp
   development environment, LispWorks (R).  FreeLisp runs under on PC's
   under Windows, and has many of the environmental features as 
   LispWorks but does not include a compiler. For prices and information
   about FreeLisp, contact by e-mail worldwide (OR
   or in the US:
      fax:    617-252-6505
      voice:  800-WORKS-4-YOU (800-967-5749) or 617-374-2400 or 617-252-0052
      mail:   Harlequin Inc., One Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142
   or in Europe:
      fax:    0223-872-519 (OR 44-1223-872-519 from outside UK)
      voice:  0223-873-800 OR -872-522 (OR 44-1223-873-800 from outside UK)
      Telex:  818440 harlqn g
      mail:   Harlequin Ltd., Barrington Hall, Barrington, Cambridge, CB2 5RG
   Freelisp is available at the URL

Ibuki Common Lisp:

   Ibuki Common Lisp (IBCL) v02/01 is a commercialized and improved
   version of Kyoto Common Lisp. It runs on over 30 platforms, including
   Sun3, Sparc, Dec (Ultrix), Apollo, HP 9000, IBM RS/6000, Silicon
   Graphics and IBM PCs (under AIX).  It includes an incremental compiler,
   interpreter, and C/Fortran foreign function interface. It generates C
   code from the Lisp and compiles it using the local C compiler.  Image
   size is about 3mb. Cost is $2800 (workstations), $3500 (servers), $700
   (IBM PCs).  Supports CLOS and CLX ($200 extra).  Source code is
   available at twice the cost. Ibuki now also has a product called CONS
   which compiles Lisp functions into linkable Unix libraries.  Write to:
   Ibuki Inc., PO Box 1627, Los Altos, CA 94022, or call 415-961-4996,
   fax 415-961-8016, or send email to Richard Weyhrauch, or


   LinkLisp is a Lisp implementation for Windows that supports a large
   subset of Common Lisp. It is DLL and VBX callable from C/C++ and
   Visual Basic. It costs $249. For more information, write to Conscious
   Computing, 3100 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 202, Washington, DC
   20008, call 202-483-6350, or fax 202-462-9110.

Lucid Common Lisp:

   Lucid Common Lisp runs on a variety of platforms, including PCs (AIX),
   Apollo, HP, Sun-3, Sparc, IBM RT, IBM RS/6000, Decstation 3100,
   Silicon Graphics, and Vax. Lucid includes native CLOS, a foreign
   function interface, and generational garbage collection.  CLIM is
   available for Lucid as a separate product. See also the comments in
   question [1-2] on the wizards.doc file that comes with the release.

   [Note: Lucid encountered financial difficulties because of forays
    into C-related products; the Lisp end of the company remained strong.
    Harlequin announced on 23-NOV-94 that they have acquired the
    rights to the Lisp-related technology of Lucid, Inc., that they
    will market and support Lucid Common Lisp alongside their
    LispWorks products, and that they have hired several former Lucid
    employees for this purpose.] 

   For further information, contact by e-mail worldwide: (OR
   or in the US:   
      FAX:   617-252-6505
      Voice: 800-WORKS-4-YOU (800-967-5749) or 617-374-2400 or 617-252-0052
      Mail:  Harlequin Inc., One Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142
   or in Europe:
      FAX:   0223-872-519 (OR 44-1223-872-519 from outside UK)
      Voice: 0223-873-800 OR -872-522 (OR 44-1223-873-800 from outside UK)
      Telex: 818440 harlqn g
      Mail:  Harlequin Ltd., Barrington Hall, Barrington, Cambridge, CB2 5RG

Macintosh Common Lisp:

   Macintosh Common Lisp (MCL) is an object-oriented dynamic language
   (OODL) from Digitool, Inc. MCL 4.0 will work on any Power Macintosh
   with at least 16 MB of RAM, 28 MB of disk storage, and Macintosh System
   Software 7.5 or later. MCL 3.1 will work on any 68K-based Macintosh
   with at least 8 MB of RAM, 15 MB of disk storage, and Macintosh System
   6.x or 7.x. Both versions are included on CD-ROM together with extensive
   documentation, runtime sources, development utilities, and sample code. 
   A CD-ROM drive is required for installation.
   MCL implements the industry standard Common Lisp programming language 
   and CLOS (as defined in Common Lisp: The Language, second edition), 
   and is fully integrated with the Macintosh family of personal computers.

   MCL is a completely integrated development environment, including a
   fast incremental compiler which produces efficient native PPC code or
   680x0 code, a window-based debugger, a source code stepper, a dynamic 
   object inspector, a stack backtrace inspector, a programmable 
   Macintosh-style emacs-like editor, online documentation, and an 
   interactive interface toolkit. MCL supports multiple processes and 
   provides both high-level object-oriented user interface class library 
   and complete low-level access to the Macintosh Toolbox.  

   Using MCL, you can create a standalone double-clickable Macintosh 
   application. A license is required to distribute an application
   created with MCL. Licenses are available to include the MCL compiler
   in a distributed application.

   MCL may be purchased individually or as a subscription; site licenses
   are also available. For more information,; 
   for orders,, call (617) 441-5000 or fax 
   (617) 576-7680.  See for 
   current pricing.

   Medley 2.0 is a Common Lisp development environment that includes a
   native CLOS w/MOP, window toolkit, window-based debugger, incremental
   compiler, structure editor, inspectors, stepper, cross-referencer
   (Masterscope), code analysis tools, and browsers. It is the successor
   to InterLisp-D.  It runs on a variety of platforms, including Suns,
   DecStations, 386/486s, IBM RS/6000, MIPS, HP, DEC Alpha, and Xerox
   1186. The price for Unix machines is $3,195 for the developer version
   and $1,250 for the runtime version.  Medley also runs under DOS 4.0 or
   higher ($795 developer version, $300 runtime version, and $250 student
   version). Instructional licenses are also available at $250/copy for DOS
   (to a max of $1,250) and $1,000/copy for Unix (to a max of $5,000). 
   For more information, write to Venue, 1624 Franklin Street, Suite 1212,
   Oakland, CA 94612, call 800-228-5325 or 510-835-8856, fax
   510-835-8251, or send email to

   muLISP-90 v7.1 is a small Lisp which runs on IBM PCs (or the HP 95LX
   palmtop), MS-DOS version 2.1 or later. It isn't Common Lisp, although
   there is a Common Lisp compatibility package which augments muLISP-90
   with over 450 Common Lisp special forms, macros, functions and control
   variables. Includes a screen-oriented editor and debugger, a window
   manager, an interpreter and a compiler. Among the example programs is
   DOCTOR, an Eliza-like program. The runtime system allows one to create
   small EXE or COM executables. Uses a compact internal representation
   of code to minimize space requirements and speed up execution. The
   kernel takes up only 50k of space. Costs $150. muLISP-XM is a version
   of muLISP-90 that can take advantage of up to 4 gigabytes of extended
   memory and costs $300.  Write to Soft Warehouse, Inc., 3660 Waialae
   Avenue, Suite 304, Honolulu, HI 96816-3236, call 808-734-5801, or fax


   NanoLISP 2.0 is a Lisp interpreter for DOS systems that supports a
   large subset of the Common Lisp (CLtL2) standard, including lexical and
   dynamic scoping, four lambda-list keywords, closures, local functions,
   macros, output formatting, generic sequence functions, transcendental
   functions, 2-d arrays, bit-arrays, sequences, streams, characters
   double-floats, hash-tables and structures. Runs in DOS 2.1 or higher,
   requiring only 384k of RAM. Cost is $100. Write to: Microcomputer Systems
   Consultants, PO Box 6646, Santa Barbara, CA 93160 or call 805-967-2270.

Poplog Common Lisp:

   Poplog Common Lisp is an incremental compiler and X-based development
   environment for Common Lisp. Poplog Common Lisp provides a compact and
   memory-efficient implementation which has recently been upgraded to
   include support for CLtL2, including a native CLOS implementation.

   The Poplog environment also includes efficient incremental compilers
   for Prolog, Standard ML and Pop-11, a language-sensitive editor and
   supports easy dynamic linking to C, Fortran etc. Poplog has over 400
   customers in 36 countries.

   Poplog runs on a variety of platforms including Sun SPARC (SunOS 4.1,
   Solaris 2.x), HP-RISC (HP-UX), Silicon Graphics (IRIX), PC UNIX (SCO,
   Linux), DECstation (Ultrix) and under VMS on both VAX and Alpha.

   For more information, contact:
       Integral Solutions Ltd, 3 Campbell Court,
       Bramley, Basingstoke, Hants. RG26 5EG, UK.
       Call +44 (0)1256 882028, fax +44 (0)1256 882182

   In North America, contact:
       Computable Functions, Inc., 35 South Orchard Drive,
       Amherst, MA 01002.
       Call 413-253-7637, fax 413-545-1249.

Procyon Common Lisp:

   Procyon Common Lisp runs on either the Apple Macintosh or IBM PC (386/486
   or OS/2 native mode), costing 450 pounds sterling ($675) educational,
   1500 pounds ($2250) commercial. It requires 2.5mb RAM on the Macintosh
   and 4mb RAM on PCs (4mb and more than 4mb recommended respectively).  It
   is a full graphical environment, and includes a native CLOS with
   meta-object protocol, incremental compilation, foreign function
   interface, object inspector, text and structure editors, and debugger.
   Write to: Scientia Ltd., St. John's Innovation Centre, Cowley Road,
   Cambridge, CB4 4WS, UK, with phone +44-223-421221, fax +44-223-421218.
   [NOTE: The rights to the MS Windows version of Procyon were sold to
    Franz who are marketing and developing it as Allegro CL\PC. See
    Allegro's entry for more information. The MS Windows version of
    Procyon is no longer available from Scientia. Expertelligence no
    longer distributes any version of Procyon.]

Software Engineer:

   Software Engineer 2.1 is a Lisp for Windows that creates small
   stand-alone executables (no royalties or run-time libraries required).
   It is a subset of Common Lisp, but includes CLOS. Supports DDE and
   Windows API calls. It requires 2mb RAM, but can use up to 16mb of
   memory, generating 286/386 specific code. It costs $350.  Write to:
   Raindrop Software, 833 Arapaho Road, Suite 104, Richardson, TX 75081,
   call 214-234-2611, fax 214-234-2674, or send email to

Star Sapphire Common LISP:

   Star Sapphire Common LISP 3.4 provides a subset of Common Lisp and
   includes an emacs-like editor, compiler, debugger, DOS graphics and
   CLOS. It runs on IBM PCs (MSDOS or Windows), requires 640k RAM, a hard
   disk, and costs $100.  Write to: Sapiens Software Corporation, 
   PO Box 3365, Santa Cruz, CA 95063-3365, call 408-458-1990, 
   fax 408-425-0905/9220.  Copies may also be ordered from the Programmers'
   Shop at 800-421-8006.  Sapiens Software also has a Lisp-to-C
   translator in beta-test.

Top Level Common Lisp:

   Top Level Common Lisp includes futures, a debugger, tracer, stepper,
   foreign function interface and object inspector.  It runs on Unix
   platforms, requiring 8mb RAM, and costs $687.  Write to: Top Level,
   100 University Drive, Amherst, MA 01002, call (413) 549-4455, or fax
   (413) 549-4910.

Lisps which run on special-purpose hardware (Lisp Machines) include

   o  Symbolics           1-800-394-5522 (508-287-1000)   fax 508-287-1092
      6 Concord Farms, 555 Virginia Road, Concord, MA 01742.
      In Germany: Symbolics Systemhaus GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77,
         65760 Eschborn, (49) 6196-47220, fax (49) 6196-481116.
      Symbolics Open Genera runs on DEC 3000 Workstations (models 600
      and 800 APX with the OSF/1 operating system), at a price of $18,500.

   o  TI Explorers 
         Texas Instruments Incorporated, Data Systems Group, 
         P.O. Box 181153 DSG-230, Austin, Texas 78718

   o  Xerox Interlisp.    See Medley above.

Subject: [4-1a] Lisp to C translators

Lisp-to-C Translator translates Common Lisp into human-readable ANSI
C.  Release 3.2 supports such features as CLOS, the condition system,
Lisp type declaration heeding, and Mac, Windows, and Alpha
compatibility.  (Release 3.0, introduced in 1992, eliminated the old
requirement that the garbage collector had to be called explicitly).
Works with Lucid, Symbolics, Allegro, Harlequin and MCL.  It costs
$11,995.  Write to: Chestnut Software, Inc., 2 Park Plaza, Suite 205,
Boston, MA, 02116, call 617-542-9222, fax 617-542-9220, or e-mail Mr.
Kenneth J. Koocher <>.

Some Lisp compilers (AKCL, Ibuki) and Scheme compilers (Bigloo,
Hobbit/SCM, Scheme->C) compile into C.

Subject: [4-2] Scheme Implementations

Scheme implementations are listed in the Scheme FAQ posting,

Free Scheme implementations include PC-Scheme, PCS/Geneva, MIT Scheme (aka
C-Scheme), SCM, Hobbit, Gambit, T, Oaklisp, Elk, Scheme->C, SIOD
(Scheme in One Defun), XScheme, Fools' Lisp, Scheme48, UMB Scheme,
VSCM, Pixie Scheme, HELP (a lazy Scheme), Similix, FDU Scheme,
PseudoScheme, Scheme84 and Scheme88.

Commercial Scheme implementations include Chez Scheme, MacScheme, and EdScheme.

Of the free Scheme implementations, the following are implemented in Lisp:  

   Peter Norvig's book "Paradigms of AI Programming" has a chapters about
   Scheme interpreters and compilers, both written in Common Lisp. The
   software from the book is available by anonymous ftp from and on disk in Macintosh or DOS format from
   the publisher, Morgan Kaufmann.  For more information, contact: Morgan
   Kaufmann, Dept. P1, 2929 Campus Drive, Suite 260, San Mateo CA 94403,
   or call Toll free tel: (800) 745-7323; FAX: (415) 578-0672

   PseudoScheme is available free by anonymous ftp from []
   It is Scheme implemented on top of Common Lisp, and runs in Lucid,
   Symbolics CL, VAX Lisp under VMS, and Explorer CL. It should be easy
   to port to other Lisps. It was written by Jonathan Rees
   (, Send mail to to be put on a mailing list for
   announcements. Conforms to R3RS except for lacking a correct
   implementation of call/cc. It works by running the Scheme code through
   a preprocessor, which generates Common Lisp code.

   Scheme84 is in the public domain, and available by mail from Indiana
   University. It runs on the VAX in Franz Lisp under either VMS or BSD Unix.
   To receive a copy, send a tape and return postage to: Scheme84
   Distribution, Nancy Garrett, c/o Dan Friedman, Department of Computer
   Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. Call 1-812-335-9770
   or send mail to for more information. It will also
   run in Jeff Dalton's port of Franz Lisp to Net/Free/386BSD on 386-like
   machines.  (See the Lisp FAQ for information on Franz Lisp.)

   Scheme88 is a re-implementation of Scheme84 to run in Common Lisp. It
   available by anonymous ftp from
   and also from the Scheme Repository.

Subject: [4-4]   Free Implementations of Other Lisp Dialects

Franz Lisp:

   [Franz Lisp is a dialect of Lisp that predates Common Lisp. It is
   very similar to MacLisp. It lacks full lexical scoping.]

   The official archive site for Franz List Opus 38.92 and 38.93b (the
   last public domain releases) is
   It includes the official version from the ucbvax ftp site before
   its demise, Barry Schein's port of 38.92, the UC Davis port of 38.92,
   and Jeff Dalton's port of 38.92 (see below). For more information, 

   An implementation of (Berkeley) Franz Lisp Opus 38.92 for 386/486
   machines running NetBSD 0.9 (and possibly also 386BSD and FreeBSD)
   is available by anonymous ftp from
   The implementation generates C code and hence is quite portable. It
   has been tested on 68K Suns, VAX 750s, and ICL Perqs running PNX.
   A reference manual is included in the distribution. For more
   information, write to Jeff Dalton <>, or see the URL

   PC LISP is a Lisp interpreter for IBM PCs (MSDOS) available from any
   site that archives the group, such as 
   PC-LISP is a Franz LISP dialect and is by no means Common LISP
   compatible. It is also available directly from the author by sending
   2 blank UNFORMATTED 360K 48TPI IBM PC diskettes, a mailer and
   postage to: Peter Ashwood-Smith, 8 Du Muguet, Hull, Quebec, CANADA,
   J9A-2L8; phone 819-595-9032 (home). Source code is available from the
   author for $15.


   Feel (Free and Eventually Eulisp) is an initial implementation of the
   EuLisp language. It can be retrieved by anonymous FTP from 
   as the file feel-0.75.tar.Z. feel-0.75.sun4.Z is the Sparc executable.
   The EuLisp language definition is in the same directory.  Feel is also
   available from [] 
   It includes an integrated object system, a module system, condition
   system, and support for parallelism (threads). EuLisp (European
   Lisp) is sort of like an extended Scheme.  The program is a C-based
   interpreter, and a bytecode interpreter/compiler will be available
   sometime soon.  The distribution includes an interface to the PVM
   library, support for TCP/IP sockets, and libraries for futures, Linda,
   and CSP.  Feel is known to run on Sun3, Sun4, Stardent Titan, Alliant
   Concentrix 2800, Orion clippers, DEC VAX, DECstation 3000, Gould
   UTX/32, and Inmos T800 transputer (using CS-Tools). (All bar the last
   four have a threads mechanism.) It can run in multi-process mode on
   the first three machines, and hopefully any other SysV-like machine
   with shared memory primitives. Porting Feel to new machines is
   reasonably straightforward. It now also runs on MS-DOS machines.
   Written by Pete Broadbery <>.

   Apply/Eu2C is an EuLisp->C compiler available from ISST.  Eu2C runs on
   top of Franz Allegro CL 4.1 and compiles EuLisp-Modules into C source
   code which then must be compiled by an ANSI C-compiler (currently only
   GCC is supported).  The Eu2C implementation provides EuLisp 0.99
   level-0, with the exception of concurrency. Future versions of Eu2C
   will include a C interface and straight module compilation.  The
   development of Apply/Eu2C was supported by the German Federal Ministry
   for Research and Technology (BMFT) within the joint project APPLY. The
   partners of this project are the Christian Albrechts University Kiel,
   the Fraunhofer Institute for Software Engineering and Systems
   Engineering (ISST), the German National Research Center for Computer
   Science(GMD), and VW-Gedas.  The main goal of APPLY project is to
   develop a Lisp system which consistently supports the efficient
   execution of applications and simplifies their integration into
   current software environments.  Towards that end, ISST is
   investigating strategies for the compilation of EuLisp-Modules into
   efficient stand-alone C-Programs. The Eu2C compiler is the first step
   along this path. Eu2C is available by anonymous ftp from  Please send bug reports and
   comments to or If
   you're using Eu2C, please send them a message with "Apply/Eu2C" in the
   subject line to be added to the mailing list of users.

   More information about EuLisp may be found in 
      Lisp and Symbolic Computation 6(1-2), August 1993
   which was devoted to EuLisp.

   jlisp is a lisp interpreter designed to be used as an embedded
   interpreter and is easily interfaced with C/C++.  jlisp is easily
   extended. It is available by anonymous ftp from
   For more information, write to Jeff Weisberg <>

Subject: [4-5]   Commercial Implementations of Other Lisp Dialects

   Franz Lisp 2.0 runs on the Apple Macintosh, requiring 1mb RAM for the
   interpreter ($99) and 2.5mb RAM for the compiler ($199).  Student prices
   are $60 for the interpreter and $110 for the interpreter and compiler.
   Includes editor and language reference manual. Complete sources are
   available for $649. The ALJABR symbolic mathematics system costs $249.
   Write to:  Fort Pond Research, 15 Fort Pond Road, Acton, MA 01720,
   call 1-508-263-9692, or send mail to

   Le-Lisp includes a compiler, color and graphic output, a debugger, a
   pretty printer, performance analysis tools, tracing, and incremental
   execution. Le-Lisp currently runs on Unix, VMS, and Windows 3.1.  Note
   that Le-Lisp is neither Common Lisp nor Scheme.  Le-Lisp was
   originally developed in 1980 at Inria, the French national computer
   science laboratory, by a team led by Jerome Chailloux for work on VLSI
   design. It was based on several earlier Lisps in the MacLisp family,
   but was not directly derived from MacLisp.  Le-Lisp enjoyed a large
   success in the French academic world because it was small, fast, and
   portable, being based on a abstract machine language called LLM3.  In
   1983, for example, Le-Lisp ran on Z-80 machines running CP/M. In 1987,
   Ilog was formed as an offshoot of Inria to commercialize and improve
   Le-Lisp and several products which had been developed with it,
   including a portable graphic interface system and an expert system
   shell.  Since then, Ilog has continued to grow and expand the use of
   Le-Lisp into industrial markets around the world.  Ilog is the largest
   European Lisp vendor, and continues to develop new products and
   markets for Lisp.  In 1992, Ilog released the next major version of
   Le-Lisp, Le-Lisp version 16.  This version modernizes Le-Lisp for use
   in the industrial world, adding lexical closures and
   special-form-based semantics for static analysis, a new object system
   based on the EuLisp object system (TELOS), an enhanced module system
   for application production, a conservative GC for integration with C
   and C++, and compilation to C for portability and efficiency on a wide
   range of processors.  For pricing and other information, write to
   ILOG, 2 Avenue Gallieni, BP 85, 94253 Gentilly Cedex, France, call
   33-1-46-63-66-66, fax 33-1-46-63-15-82, or send email to Jerome
   Chailloux (

   CLISP v6.89 is a library of functions which extends the C programming
   language to include some of the functionality of Lisp. Requires
   ANSI C. Costs $349 with no run-time fee.
   Write to Drasch Computer Software, 187 Slade Road, Ashford, CT 06278, 
   or call or fax 203-429-3817.

   Two references in Dr. Dobb's journal on Lisp-style libraries for C
   are: Douglas Chubb, "An Improved Lisp-Style Library for C", Dr. Dobb's
   Jounral #192, September 1992, and Daniel Ozick, "A Lisp-Style Library
   for C", Dr. Dobb's Journal #179:36-48, August 1991. Source is available by
   ftp from various archives, including (MSDOSDDJMAG),
   or, or the DDJ Forum on Compuserve.

   Lily (LIsp LibrarY) is a C++ class library that lets C++ programmers
   write LISP-style code. Includes some example programs from Winston's
   Lisp book recoded in Lily. Most or all of chapters 17 (Symbolic
   Pattern Matching), 18 (Expert Problem Solving), and 23 (Lisp in Lisp)
   are implemented in the examples. Lily works with GNU G++ (2.4.5) and
   Turbo C++ for Windows. Lily is available by anonymous ftp from []
   as lily-0.1.tar.gz. This site is fairly slow; a copy is available from
   the Lisp Utilities collection. For more information, contact 
   Roger Sheldon <>.

Other Lisps for PCs include: 

   o  UO-LISP from Calcode Systems, e-mail:calcode!
      It comes complete with compiler and interpreter, and is optimised for
      large programs.  It is Standard LISP, not Common LISP. They are based
      in Amoroso Place in Venice, CA. 

   o  LISP/88 v1.0. Gotten from Norell Data Systems, 3400 Wilshire Blvd,
      Los Angeles, CA 90010, in 1983. They may or may not still exist. 

   o  IQLisp. Not a Common Lisp but still very good for PCs - you can
      actually get a lot done in 640K.  The lisp itself runs in less than
      128K and every cons cell takes only 6 bytes.  Unfortunately that
      makes the 640K (maybe a little more, but certainly no more than 1M)
      limit really hard. It has a byte code compiler which costs extra. 
      This has support for all sorts of PC specific things.
      It costs $175 w/o compiler, $275 with. 
      Write to: Integral Quality, Box 31970, Seattle, WA 98103,
      call Bob Rorschach, (206) 527-2918 or email 

Subject: [4-6] What is Dylan?

Dylan is a new Object-Oriented Dynamic Language (OODL), based on
Scheme, CLOS, and Smalltalk.  The purpose of the language is to retain
the benefits of OODLs and also allow efficient application delivery.
The design stressed keeping Dylan small and consistent, while allowing
a high degree of expressiveness. Dylan is consistently object-oriented;
it is not a procedural language with an object-oriented extension. A
manual/specification for the language is available from Apple Computer.
Send email to or write to
Apple Computer, 1 Main Street, Cambridge, MA 02142.  Include your
complete address and also a phone number (the phone number is
especially important for anyone outside the US). Comments on Dylan can
be sent to the internet mail address

The mailing list is for any and all
discussions of Dylan, including language design issues, implementation
issues, marketing issues, syntax issues, etc. The mailing list is for major announcements about
Dylan, such as the availability of new implementations, new versions
of the manual, etc.  This mailing list should be *much* lower volume
than info-dylan.  Everything sent to this list is also sent to
info-dylan.  The newsgroup comp.lang.dylan is gatewayed to the
info-dylan mailing list.  

Send mail to the -request version of the list to be added to it.
You can also send an email message to
with "subscribe info-dylan" or "unsubscribe info-dylan" in the body,
and likewise for the other lists, mutatis mutandis.

Apple hasn't announced plans to release Dylan as a product.  

The directory contains some documents
pertaining to Dylan, including a FAQ list.

======== THOMAS ========

Thomas is a compiler for a language that is compatible with the
language described in the book "Dylan(TM) an object-oriented dynamic
language" by Apple Computer Eastern Research and Technology, April
1992. Thomas was written at Digital Equipment Corporation's Cambridge
Research Laboratory. Thomas is NOT Dylan(TM) and was built with no
direct input, aid, assistance or discussion with Apple.

Thomas is available to the public by anonymous ftp at

The Thomas system is written in Scheme and runs under MIT's CScheme,
DEC's Scheme->C, and Marc Feeley's Gambit.  It can run on a wide range
of machines including the Macintosh, PC compatibles, Vax, MIPS, Alpha,
and 680x0.  Thomas generates IEEE compatible Scheme code.

A ready-made version of Thomas 1.1 interpreter built upon MacGambit
2.0 as a double-clickable Macintosh application is available by
anonymous ftp from as
the file thomas-1.1-interp.hqx.

For discussion of Thomas, send a note to 
to be added to the mailing list. 

DEC CRL's goals in building Thomas were to learn about Dylan by
building an implementation, and to build a system they could use to
write small Dylan programs. As such, Thomas has no optimizations of
any kind and does not perform well. 

The original development team consisted of:
          Matt Birkholz (
          Jim Miller (
          Ron Weiss (
In addition, Joel Bartlett (, Marc Feeley
(, Guillermo Rozas (
and Ralph Swick ( contributed time and energy to the
initial release.

======== Marlais ========

Marlais is a simple interpreter for a language strongly resembling
Dylan. It is available by anonymous ftp from 
Currently runs on i386 and i486 (OS/2 or Linux), IBM PC/RT, IBM
RS/6000, HP9000/300, HP9000/700, DECstations (Ultrix), SGI (IRIX),
Sony News, Apple Macintosh (A/UX), Sun3, Sun4, Vax (4.3bsd and
ultrix), m88k (Harris Nighthawk running CX/UX), MIPS M/120, Sequent
Symmetry, Encore Multimax.  Contact Joe Wilson <> or
Brent Benson <> for more information.


The Gwydion Project at CMU is developing an innovative new software
development environment based on the Dylan language (and, in the
process, will make available a very high-quality implementation of
Dylan). This project includes many of the same people responsible for
CMU Common Lisp. (In Welsh mythology, Gwydion is the uncle of Dylan
and nephew of Math.) A Mosaic page describing the project goals, how
they fit in with the Dylan language, and copies of the Dylan language
manual and latest approved design notes is available as
For more information, write to

Mindy (Mindy Is Not Dylan Yet) is a Dylan-like language from the
Gwydion Project. Mindy is intended for use as a development tool while
work on the "real" high-performance Dylan implementation progresses.
Mindy is available by anonymouse ftp from as
the file /afs/
Send bug reports to; support will be minimal.

Subject: [4-7] What is Pearl Common Lisp?

When Apple Computer acquired Coral Software in January 1989, they
re-released Coral's Allegro Common Lisp and its optional modules as
Macintosh Allegro Common Lisp (now just Macintosh Common Lisp).
Coral's other product, Pearl Lisp, was discontinued at that time.
Pearl Lisp provides a subset of the functionality of MACL 1.3 and is
not even fully CLtL1-compatible (e.g., the implementation of defstruct is

Despite rumors to the contrary, Pearl Lisp is not and never was public
domain. Nevertheless, Pearl Lisp and its documentation were placed in
the "Moof:Goodies:Pearl Lisp" folder on the first pressing of "Phil
and Dave's Excellent CD", the precursor to the current Apple
Developer's CD-ROM series.  Apple removed Pearl from later versions of
the developer CD-ROM distribution because of complaints from other
Lisp vendors. If you own a copy of Pearl Lisp or a copy of this
CD-ROM, you can make it runnable under System 7 with some slight
modifications using ResEdit.  To repeat, Pearl Lisp is NOT public
domain, so you must own a copy to use it.

To make it runnable, one needs to use ResEdit to make changes to the
BNDL and FREF resources so that it will connect to its icons properly.
This will make it respond to double-clicks in the normal manner and
make it be properly linked to its files. Detailed instructions for
modifying Pearl Lisp using ResEdit may be obtained from the Lisp
Utilities Repository by anonymous ftp from 
as the file pearl.txt.

After you've made the changes, it will run under System 7 on 68000s
and 68030s if you turn off 32-bit addressing. It seems to bomb on a

If you need a more powerful Lisp or one that is compatible with the
standard for Common Lisp, consider purchasing Macintosh Common Lisp.

Subject: [4-9] What Lisp-related discussion groups and mailing lists exist?
Before posting to any discussion group, please read the rest
of this FAQ, to make sure your question isn't already answered. 

Scheme-related mailing lists and newsgroups are listed in the Scheme
FAQ, and AI-related mailing lists and newsgroups are listed in the AI FAQ.
First of all, there are several Lisp-related newsgroups:
   comp.lang.lisp          General Lisp-related discussions.
                           See below for archive information.

   comp.lang.clos          Discussion related to CLOS, PCL, and
                           object-oriented programming in Lisp.
                           Gatewayed to
                           (or equivalently,
                           See below for info on the newsgroup's archives.     Discussions related to Association of Lisp Users.
                           Gatewayed to the ALU mailing list. This is an
                           organizational mailing list/newsgroup, not a 
                           technical forum.

   comp.std.lisp           For discussion of emerging standards for
                           the Lisp language, including "de facto" standards.
			   Moderated by Brad Miller <>.
                           Submissions should be sent to 
                           Archived on
                           Gatewayed to a mailing list (send mail to
                  to join).

   comp.lang.lisp.mcl      Discussions related to Macintosh
                           Common Lisp. This newsgroup is gatewayed
                           to the
                           mailing list and archived on

   comp.lang.lisp.franz    Discussion of Franz Lisp, a dialect of Lisp.
                           (Note: *not* Franz Inc's Allegro.)

   comp.lang.lisp.x        Discussion of XLISP, a dialect of Lisp, and XScheme.          Discussions related to using Medley (name exists
                           for historical reasons, and is likely to change
                           soon). Gatewayed to the info-1100 mailing list.

   comp.sys.ti.explorer	   TI Explorers Lisp machines.     Garnet, a Lisp-based GUI. and subgroups   General AI-related dicusssion.

The newsgroup comp.lang.lisp is archived on []
by month, from 1989 onward. Individual files are in rnews
format. (They contain articles prefixed by a header line "#! rnews
<nchars> archive" where <nchars> is the number of characters in the
article following the header. That format is convenient for various
news processing programs (e.g.  relaynews) and is rather easy to
process from a lisp program too.)  A copy of the GMD archives for
comp.lang.lisp is available on

We list several mailing lists below. In general, to be added to
a mailing list, send mail to the "-request" version of the address.
This avoids flooding the mailing list with annoying and trivial
administrative requests. [To subscribe to info-dylan, or
other mailing lists based at, send a message to with "subscribe <list_name>" in the
message body. Likewise use "unsubscribe <list_name>" to cancel your
subscription and "help" to get help.]

General Lisp Mailing Lists:          Technical discussion of Common Lisp.       Low volume moderated mailing list
				   associated with the Lisp Utilities 
				   Repository at CMU. (Also known as
                                       A mailing list concerning the contents
                                   of this FAQ posting only.	   Forum for use by members (current
                                   and prospective) of the Association
                                   of Lisp Users. It is bidirectionally
                                   gatewayed into the newsgroup
                          This is an
                                   organizational mailing list, 
                                   not a technical forum.

Particular Flavors of Lisp:           Macintosh Common Lisp. Gatewayed
                                   to the comp.lang.lisp.mcl newsgroup.    Automatically generated digest format
			           version of the info-mcl mailing list.           CMU Common Lisp bug reports                 Symbolics Lisp Users Group
				   Archived on and 
                               Franz Allegro Common Lisp   Lisp on the Amiga                     Kyoto Common Lisp 
                                   Archived in       Forwards to         LispWorks   CLISP
	To subscribe, send mail to
	with "subscribe clisp-list <your full name>" in the message body.
        Use "help" to get a help message back and "unsubscribe clisp-list"
        to remove yourself from the list.  TI Explorer Lisp Machine  TI Explorer Lisp Machine    Xerox/Envos Lisp machine environment,
                                   InterLisp-D, and Medley. Gatewayed to
                                   the newsgroup Will be
                                   moving to   The Franz Lisp Language. Maintainers of Franz Lisp.

Lisp Windowing Systems:           Common Lisp Window System Discussions.        CLX (Common Lisp X Windows)                    Common Lisp Interface Manager      Common Lisp User-Interface Environment      Express Windows         Garnet (send mail to
                                   or to be added)               GINA and CLM       LispWorks		   WINTERP (OSF/Motif Widget INTERPreter)         YYonX

Lisp Object-Oriented Programming:  (same as
      Discussion related to CLOS, PCL, and object-oriented programming
      in Lisp.  The name is in honor of the first freely-available
      implementation of CLOS, Xerox PARC's Portable Common Loops, and
      was originally the mailing list for discussing that
      implementation.  Now gatewayed to the comp.lang.clos newsgroup.
      The mailing list is archived on in
      the directory pub/lispusers/commonloops.  
      The CLOS code repository is in pub/lispusers/clos.

           Use of Lisp and Lisp-based systems in statistics.
	Job offers requiring a knowledge of Lisp. See [1-7].

Electronic Journals:

  Electronic Journal of Functional and Logic Programming (EJFLP)

     EJFLP is a refereed journal that will be distributed for free via e-mail.
     The aim of EJFLP is to create a new medium for research investigating the
     integration of the functional, logic and constraint programming paradigms.

     For instructions on submitting a paper, send an empty mail message with 
	Subject: Help
     You will receive an acknowledgment of your submission within a few hours.

     To subscribe to the journal, send an empty mail message to 
     You will receive an acknowledgment of your subscription within
     a few days. 

     If there are any problems with the mail-server, send mail to 

     The editorial board is: Rita Loogen (RWTH Aachen), Herbert Kuchen (RWTH
     Aachen), Michael Hanus (MPI-Saarbruecken), Manuel MT Chakravarty (TU
     Berlin), Martin Koehler (Imperial College London), Yike Guo (Imperial
     College London), Mario Rodriguez-Artalejo (Univ. Madrid), Andy Krall
     (TU Wien), Andy Mueck (LMU Muenchen), Tetsuo Ida (Univ. Tsukuba,
     Japan), Hendrik C.R. Lock (IBM Heidelberg), Andreas Hallmann (Univ.
     Dortmund), Peter Padawitz (Univ. Dortmund), Christoph Brzoska (Univ.

Subject: [4-10] Where can I get a copy of the ANSI Common Lisp standard?
                What is ISO Lisp?

As of December 8, 1994, Common Lisp is now an official ANSI Standard:
ANSI X3.226:1994 American National Standard for Programming Language
Common LISP (X3J13).

Copies of the ANSI/X3.226 standard may be purchased from the
   American National Standards Institute
   11 West 42nd Street
   New York, NY 10036
For more information, visit the ANSI home page at

A web version of the ANSI Common Lisp standard is not available. The
official ANSI standard is available only in hardcopy form.

However, Kent Pitman ( of Harlequin, Inc. has, with
permission from ANSI and X3, written an HTML document that is based on
ANSI standard for Common Lisp. This version is not a definitive
reference, but is much more practical for most casual browsing.  It is
also cross-referenced against some design documents.  The document is
available for online browsing at
Subject to some legal restrictions, you can download a copy for your
own use and get much better performance.  Visit
for information on downloading your own copy.  The .tar.gz file is
just a little over 2MB, and unpacks into a set of files that is just
a little over 15MB.

Copies of the TeX sources and Unix-compressed DVI files for the *draft*
version of the standard may be obtained by anonymous FTP from []
The files corresponding to the second Public Review of Common Lisp are
in the directory /pub/cl/dpANS2/*. These files correspond to draft
14.10, also known as document X3J13/93-102, which was forwarded by
X3J13 to X3 in October, 1993. (The files from the first draft are in
the directory /pub/cl/dpANS1/*.) The draft is about 1500 pages long.
The file Reviewer-Notes.text should be read before ftping the other files.

For more information, write to X3 Secretariat, Attn: Lynn Barra, 1250
Eye Street NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20005-3922, call
202-626-5738, fax 202-638-4922, or send email to

The international working group on Lisp is ISO/IEC JTC1/SC22/WG16.
Pierre Parquier ( is the WG16 Convenor.  Kent Pitman
( is the International Representative of X3J13 to
WG16 and is also Project Editor for WG16. WG16 is working on the
design of a dialect of Lisp called ISLISP (which is neither a subset
nor a superset of Common Lisp).  A Committee Draft (CD) of the ISLISP
specification has been registered by WG16 as ``CD13816: Information
Technology - Programming languages, their environments and system
software interfaces - Programming language ISLISP.''  The CD, which
WG16 internally refers to as version 15.6, is available by anonymous
FTP from  []
in the directory islisp-15.6/.
The draft has passed its first CD letter ballot. A second WG16 letter
ballot will be held to determine whether this Committee Draft will
become a Draft International Standard (DIS); this is expected to
happen by April 1996.


;;; *EOF*

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