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x25 (4)
  • >> x25 (4) ( Linux man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
  • x25 (7) ( Русские man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • x25 (7) ( Linux man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  •  

    NAME

    x25, PF_X25 - ITU-T X.25 / ISO-8208 protocol interface. 
    

     

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <sys/socket.h>
    #include <linux/x25.h>

    x25_socket = socket(PF_X25, SOCK_SEQPACKET, 0);

     

    DESCRIPTION

    X25 sockets provide an interface to the X.25 packet layer protocol. This allows applications to communicate over a public X.25 data network as standardised by International Telecommunication Union's recommendation X.25 (X.25 DTE-DCE mode). X25 sockets can also be used for communication without an intermediate X.25 network (X.25 DTE-DTE mode) as described in ISO-8208.

    Message boundaries are preserved - a read(2) from a socket will retrieve the same chunk of data as output with the corresponding write(2) to the peer socket. When necessary, the kernel takes care of segmenting and re-assembling long messages by means of the X.25 M-bit. There is no hard-coded upper limit for the message size. However, re-assembling of a long message might fail if there is a temporary lack of system resources or when other constraints (such as socket memory or buffer size limits) become effective. If that occurs, the X.25 connection will be reset.  

    SOCKET ADDRESSES

    The AF_X25 socket address family uses the struct sockaddr_x25 for representing network addresses as defined in ITU-T recommendation X.121.

    
    struct sockaddr_x25 {
            sa_family_t sx25_family;/* must be AF_X25 */
            x25_address sx25_addr;  /* X.121 Address */
    };
    
    

    sx25_addr contains a char array x25_addr[] to be interpretated as a null-terminated string. sx25_addr.x25_addr[] consists of up to 15 (not counting the terminating 0) ASCII characters forming the X.121 address. Only the decimal digit characters from `0' to `9' are allowed.  

    SOCKET OPTIONS

    The following X.25 specific socket options can be set by using setsockopt(2) and read with getsockopt(2) with the level parameter set to SOL_X25.
    X25_QBITINCL
    Controls whether the X.25 Q-bit (Qualified Data Bit) is accessible by the user. It expects an integer argument. If set to 0 (default), the Q-bit is never set for outgoing packets and the Q-bit of incoming packets is ignored. If set to 1, an additional first byte is prepended to each message read from or written to the socket. For data read from the socket, a 0 first byte indicates that the Q-bits of the corresponding incoming data packets were not set. A first byte with value 1 indicates that the Q-bit of the corresponding incoming data packets was set. If the first byte of the data written to the socket is 1 the Q-bit of the corresponding outgoing data packets will be set. If the first bit is 0 the Q-bit will not be set.
     

    BUGS

    Plenty, as the X.25 PLP implementation is CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL.

    This man page is incomplete.

    There is no dedicated application programmer's header file yet; you need to include the kernel header file <linux/x25.h>. CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL might also imply that future versions of the interface are not binary compatible.

    X.25 N-Reset events are not propagated to the user process yet. Thus, if a reset occurred, data might be lost without notice.  

    SEE ALSO

    socket(4), socket(2)

    Jonathan Simon Naylor: lqThe Re-Analysis and Re-Implementation of X.25.rq The URL is ftp://ftp.pspt.fi/pub/ham/linux/ax25/x25doc.tgz  

    VERSIONS

    The PF_X25 protocol family is a new feature of Linux 2.2.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SOCKET ADDRESSES
    SOCKET OPTIONS
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO
    VERSIONS


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