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recv (3)
  • recv (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • recv (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • recv (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> recv (3) ( Solaris man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  • recv (3) ( POSIX man: Библиотечные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    recv, recvfrom, recvmsg - receive a message from a socket
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    cc [ flag... ] file... -lsocket  -lnsl  [ library... ]
    #include <sys/types.h>
    #include <sys/socket.h>
    #include <sys/uio.h>
    
    ssize_t recv(int s, void *buf, size_t len, int flags);
    

    ssize_t recvfrom(int s, void *buf, size_t len, int flags,
        struct sockaddr *from, socklen_t *fromlen);
    

    ssize_t recvmsg(int s, struct msghdr *msg, int flags);
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The recv(), recvfrom(), and recvmsg() functions are used to receive messages from another socket. The s socket is created with socket(3SOCKET).

    If from is a non-NULL pointer, the source address of the message is filled in. The value-result parameter fromlen is initialized to the size of the buffer associated with from and modified on return to indicate the actual size of the address stored in the buffer. The length of the message is returned. If a message is too long to fit in the supplied buffer, excess bytes may be discarded depending on the type of socket from which the message is received. See socket(3SOCKET).

    If no messages are available at the socket, the receive call waits for a message to arrive. If the socket is non-blocking, -1 is returned with the external variable errno set to EWOULDBLOCK. See fcntl(2).

    For processes on the same host, recvmsg() can be used to receive a file descriptor from another process, but it cannot receive ancillary data. See libxnet(3LIB).

    If a zero-length buffer is specified for a message, an EOF condition results that is indistinguishable from the successful transfer of a file descriptor. For that reason, one or more bytes of data should be provided when recvmsg() passes a file descriptor.

    The select(3C) call can be used to determine when more data arrives.

    The flags parameter is formed by an OR operation on one or more of the following:

    MSG_OOB

    Read any out-of-band data present on the socket rather than the regular in-band data.

    MSG_PEEK

    Peek at the data present on the socket. The data is returned, but not consumed to allow a subsequent receive operation to see the same data.

    MSG_WAITALL

    Messages are blocked until the full amount of data requested is returned. The recv() function can return a smaller amount of data if a signal is caught, the connection is terminated, MSG_PEEK is specified, or if an error is pending for the socket.

    MSG_DONTWAIT

    Pending messages received on the connection are returned. If data is unavailable, the function does not block. This behavior is the equivalent to specifying O_NONBLOCK on the file descriptor of a socket, except that write requests are unaffected.

    The recvmsg() function call uses a msghdr structure defined in <sys/socket.h> to minimize the number of directly supplied parameters.  

    RETURN VALUES

    Upon successful completion, these functions return the number of bytes received. Otherwise, they return -1 and set errno to indicate the error.  

    ERRORS

    The recv(), recvfrom(), and recvmsg() functions return errors under the following conditions:

    EBADF

    The s file descriptor is invalid.

    EINVAL

    The MSG_OOB flag is set and no out-of-band data is available.

    EINTR

    The operation is interrupted by the delivery of a signal before any data is available to be received.

    EIO

    An I/O error occurs while reading from or writing to the file system.

    ENOMEM

    Insufficient user memory is available to complete operation.

    ENOSR

    Insufficient STREAMS resources are available for the operation to complete.

    ENOTSOCK

    s is not a socket.

    ESTALE

    A stale NFS file handle exists.

    EWOULDBLOCK

    The socket is marked non-blocking and the requested operation would block.

    ECONNREFUSED

    The requested connection was refused by the peer. For connected IPv4 and IPv6 datagram sockets, this indicates that the system received an ICMP Destination Port Unreachable message from the peer.

    The recv() and recvfrom() functions fail under the following conditions:

    EINVAL

    The len argument overflows a ssize_t.

    The recvmsg() function returns errors under the following conditions:

    EINVAL

    The msg_iovlen member of the msghdr structure pointed to by msg is less than or equal to 0, or greater than [IOV_MAX}. See Intro(2) for a definition of [IOV_MAX}.

    EINVAL

    One of the iov_len values in the msg_iov array member of the msghdr structure pointed to by msg is negative, or the sum of the iov_len values in the msg_iov array overflows a ssize_t.

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    Interface StabilityCommitted

    MT-Level

     

    SEE ALSO

    fcntl(2), ioctl(2), read(2), connect(3SOCKET), getsockopt(3SOCKET), libxnet(3LIB), select(3C), send(3SOCKET), socket(3SOCKET), socket.h(3HEAD), attributes(5)


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUES
    ERRORS
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO


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